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Webinar- "Role of Civil Society Organizations on Earthquake Safety in Complex Emergencies"

  May 06, 2021

Background

The webinar entitled "Role of Civil Society Organizations on Earthquake Safety in Complex Emergencies" was organized jointly by DPNet-Nepal, DiMaNN, FECOFUN, FEDWASUN, NFIWUAN, Practical Action Consulting and NSET on 21st January 2021. The program was organized on the occasion of 23rd Earthquake Safety Day. The program was organized as a part of one month long nationwide events throughout the country. The program was initiated with the chairing and welcome remarks of Mr. Surya Bahadur Thapa, Chairperson of DPNet-Nepal. He emphasized on the need of discussion on what could be the role of civil society organizations in reducing the risk of disasters in Nepal. He thanked Earthquake Safety Day Main Organizing Committee for providing the opportunity to organize this webinar. Altogether 56 participants joined the webinar.

Major Highlight

Dr. Raju Thapa, General Secretary of DPNet-Nepal, delivered the presentation entitled "Role of Civil Society Organization for Earthquake Risk Reduction in Multi-Hazard Context". His presentation included the development process of the concept of disaster risk reduction and management in general and in Nepal. Where he mentioned about the major national and international initiatives, legal instruments frameworks and treaties and the major earthquake events in the world and in Nepal as well. He also shared the types and causes of disasters in Nepal, illustrating the major causes as topographical features, fragile geology, and lack of concern by public. His presentation further included the comparative disaster risk of Nepal, disaster management cycle, our action in disasters, relation between development and disaster-need of considering the disaster perspective while implementing our development works, risk reduction and management of multi hazard. He also shared the process of mainstreaming disaster risk reduction. He emphasized on the role of civil society organization on disaster risk reduction by conducting research and studies of the vulnerability and implementing the DRR&M programs accordingly. At the end he briefly shared the information about the Online Resource Centre of DPNet-Nepal and the initiatives of CSO's in Gorkha Earthquake response.

Dr. Suchita Shrestha, Senior Divisional Geologist, Department of Mines and Geology shared the presentation entitled "Earthquake and Consequence Landslide Hazard after Gorkha Earthquake". Her presentation was linked with the Earthquake induced landslides in Nepal. The presentation included the results of the consequence landslide after Earthquake through the landslide probability modelling focusing on earthquake 2015. The major topic shared was Seismotectonic and Seismicity in Nepal Himalaya, where she shared about the formation of Himalayas due to the collision between Indian and Eurasian Plates. She said that Nepal lies in one of the active continental collision zone of the world. The spatial and density distribution of aftershocks of Gorkha Earthquake were presented in the map. The density distribution was high in Eastern Zone. She also shared the three dimension view of the focal solution and cross-section from south to north. The method applied for the research included data collection, seismic source zonation for the formation of probabilistic seismic hazard map, coseismic landslide susceptibility map etc. In the result section she presented the seismic source zonation using artificial neural network. 2001 aftershocks were collected for the study, whereas after declustarization and completeness analysis 1225 event locations were used as dependent source. The result section also included the probabilistic seismic hazard assessment, earthquake and consequence landslide hazard etc. She concluded her presentation stating that the presentation shared is scientific research and can be used for land use planning. Furthermore, Dr. Shrestha said that such research information should be shared with decision makers for formulating construction related policy and land use planning.

Prof. Dr. Megh Raj Dhital shared the research work entitled "Investigation of Sukunda and Bajedi Landslides in Karnali Region, Far Western Province". His presentation included the geological setting of project area, location, geology, geophysical survey, engineering geological survey, landslide stability analysis of the Sukunda and Bajedi landslides. The research was conducted under the Landslide EVO Project (implemented by Practical Action Consulting) by the team of expert.  He also shared about the proposed monitoring sites of the landslides and conclusions of both landslides. Dr. Dhital said that the reason for major landslides in Nepal is Trivial, its water. Water is flown down the hills while constructing road and unplanned irrigation has led to landslides. So there is a need to aware the public about the importance of water management. Agro forestry and horticulture can also help to reduce landslides, such activities can change the water flow pattern. We need to consider road, not only for human but also for water. There is an urgent need to construct infrastructure considering the water management. So, CSO's can contribute in raising the awareness about water management for reducing the risk of landslides.

Discussion Points

  • Which PGA is more effective for land-use planning and development activities in the landslide zone? Generally 10% probability dense is used for developing building code and it's effective.
  • How can we use INSAR method for analysis? It's like a microscope viewing the thin section, interferogram is developed using the radar image and can be used for landslides, but we need to have a land marker, if there is huge displacement it doesn't work properly.
  • The core concept of Landslide EVO project is a citizen science approach, bringing wider stakeholders together including scientist, experts, community and government together for learning sharing. Open street map is used for identifying landslide and houses etc, community people are capacitated to prepare such maps. The information documented is translated in Nepali and shared with local level representatives.
  • CSO's can disseminate the learning's of scientific research to the community and also contribute in raising awareness for reducing the landslide risk.

Remark

Mr. Surya Narayan Shrestha, Executive Director of NSET thanked organizers and said that there is a need of collaborative effort to work on disaster risk reduction and management. There are many organizations and people working on DRR&M, but they all are working in some part of the DM cycle only. He also said that there is a need to convert research findings in simpler language for the understanding of the public and wider dissemination. DPNet-Nepal can summarize scientific knowledge and research for wider sharing in public.

Closing

Mr. Surya Bahadur Thapa, Chairperson of DPNet-Nepal, thanked all joint organizers, resource person and participants for their valuable time. He closed the program emphasizing the need if collaborative effort to work together for disaster risk reduction and management in Nepal.