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FAQ

FAQ:

  • What is Disaster ?

    A serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society causing widespread human, material, economic, or environmental losses which exceed the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources.

  • What is mean by Hazard ?

    A potentially damaging physical event, phenomenon or human activity that may cause the loss of life or injury, property damage, social and economic disruption or environmental degradation.

  • What is mean by vulnerability ?

    The conditions determined by physical, social, economic, and environmental factors or processes, which increase the susceptibility of a community to the impact of hazards.

  • What is Risk ?

    The probability of harmful consequences, or expected losses (deaths, injuries, property, livelihoods, economic activity disrupted or environmental damaged) resulting from interactions between natural or human-induced hazards and vulnerable conditions. Conventionally risk is expressed by the notation Risk = 'Hazards' x 'Vulnerability'. Some disciplines also include the concept of exposure to refer particularly to the physical aspects of vulnerability. A disaster is a function of the risk process. It results from the combination of hazards, conditions of vulnerability and insufficient capacity or measures to reduce the potential negative consequences of risk.

  • What is mean by resilience/resilient ?

    The capacity of a system, community or society potentially exposed to hazards to adapt, by resisting or changing in order to reach and maintain an acceptable level of functioning and structure. It is determined by the degree to which the social system is capable of organizing itself to increase its capacity for learning from past disasters for better future protection and to improve risk reduction measures.

  • Are there any action plan for disaster risk reduction in Nepal ?

    Yes, we have National Action Plan for Disaster Management.

  • How many agencies are involved on Disaster Management in Nepal ?

    MoHA, MoHP, MoPPC, MoWE and Several government agencies are involved in disaster risk reduction works in close cooperation with various international agencies such as: JICA, ADRC, ADPC, UNDP, WHO, UNISDR, UNOCHA, UNDAC, USAID/OFDA, UMN, CARE, WFP, SCF alliance, GTZ, LWF, Action Aid Nepal, ADRA, etc. Besides, various other professional and non-governmental organizations like NRCS, providing highly valuable support at the time of natural disasters. Some other professional and non-governmental organizations of Nepal like DWIDP, DP-NET NSET, NCDM, NGS, NLSS, NDMF, and few others have contributed significantly by conducting research and capacity building programmes to enhance public awareness in the country.

  • What are the policies, plans and legal instruments to disaster management in Nepal ?

    Nepal has enacted Natural Calamity (Relief) Act in 1982, which is amended thrice. Being enacted earlier it has focused basically on the relief/ rescue activities and opts to be amended in the field of comprehensive disaster risk management in general and preparedness and mitigation in particular.

    Major Legal instruments for DRR are as follows:

    • Three Years Interim Plan's Approach Paper 2005-2008
    • National Action Plan 1996 (Amendment)
    • Disaster Victim Relief Distribution Norms
    • Natural Calamity Relief Act, 1982
  • Which is the Nodal agency/focal point on disaster management in Nepal ?

    The Ministry of Home Affairs is the Nodal agency/focal point on disaster management in Nepal.

  • What are the major disasters frequently occurred in Nepal ?

    Flood, Landslide, Earthquake, Epidemic, Fire, Drought, Others (hailstorm, windstorm, thunderbolt, glacier lake outburst floods and cold as well as hot wave are other forms)

  • Are there any best practices for disaster risk reduction in Nepal ?

    Yes, we have, they are ...

    • Community based disaster management
    • Early Warning Introduced in Tsho Rolpa Glacier Lake Outburst Flood
    • Kathamndu Valley Earthquake Risk Management Project (KVERMP)
    • Hospital Vulnerability Reduction
  • Source: UN/ISDR, MoH

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