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National Symposium IDDRR 2019

  Oct 21, 2019

National Symposium IDDRR 2019 

Background

With reference to the decision of the IDDRR technical committee to mark the IDDRR 2019 in a remarkable way, the National Symposium program was organized as a main part of the weeklong IDDRR programs. The Symposium was called by the Ministry of Home Affairs and organized by the Nepal Geological Society in association with the Department of Mines and Geology, DPNet-Nepal, AINTGDM, UNDP, NSET, NEA, ICIMOD, NRCS, IOE, DiMaNN and NCDMC on 18th October 2019. The program was chaired by Mr. Ram Prasad Ghimire, chairperson of Nepal Geological Society. Honorable Home Minister Ram Bahadur Thapa "Badal" was present in the program as a chief guest. Whereas, Honorable Member Dr. Krishna Prasad Oli and Honorable Member Dr. Ram Kumar Phuyal, National Planning Commission, Ms. Indu Ghimire, Joint Secretary and Chief of Disaster and Conflict Management Division, MoHA, Dr. Som Nath Sapkota, Director General, Department of Mines and Geology, Mr. Vijay Singh, Assistant Resident Representative, UNDP, Mr. Surya Bahadur Thapa, Chairperson of DPNet-Nepal, Mr. Narayan Gopal Ghimire, Central Department of Geology, TU, Mr. Surya Subedi, Political Adviser of Home Minister, Mr. Indra Jeet Rai, Security Adviser of Home Minister were present as a guest in the dias. The program was successfully organized with the wider participation of approximately 175 participants representing Government agency, DPNet-Nepal, Academia, UNDP, AINTGDM, NGO’s and Private sectors. The slogan of the program was to “reduce disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of basic services”.

Major highlights of the Symposium

The program was divided in Inaugural session and technical session.

Inaugural session

  • The program was initiated with the invitation of guest to the Dias, followed by National Anthem and moment of silence for tribute to the persons who lost their lives in various disasters.
  • Mr. Ram Prasad Ghimire, chairperson of Nepal Geological Society delivered welcome remarks, sharing a brief introduction about IDDRR. In his remarks he stated that the disaster loss is due to our weak infrastructure, so this year's there is more relevant in the context of Nepal. He also said that there should be a strict implementation of building code and thanked Hon. Minister, guests, participants and supporting agencies for their time.
  • The program was formally inaugurated by Hon. Home Minister Ram Bahadur Thapa by lighting the lamp. Dr. Som Nath Sapkota Convener of the program and Director General of Department of Mines and Geology highlighted the concept of IDDRR and the symposium in brief. He also requested Hon. Minister to take time to listen the thematic presentation focusing on achieving the slogan of Happy Nepali, prosperous Nepal.
  • Mr. Surya Bahadur Thapa, Chairperson of DPNet-Nepal, stated that we have been marking IDDRR to share the message of disaster preparedness and overall DRR&M. He also said that now Nepal has very good legal documents but the challenge is its effective implementation, DRR is still not in the priority list, there is a gap in budget allocation and integrating DRR with other sectors. He emphasized on the regular review and monitoring of the implementation status of the legal documents, award and penalize who have done good and bad respectively.
  • Mr. Vijay Singh Assistant Resident representative from UNDP stated that programs like this symposium will provide an opportunity for learning sharing and provides in-depth knowledge, sensitize us and enhance our commitment to DRR. He also said that we need to focus on where are we in our stand regarding the international commitment and where will we reach in upcoming days with reference to the resilient community. He added that the Disaster Management Division of MoHA is overburden, so, DRR activities are not incremental but after the establishment of NDMA, we together can contribute in disaster risk reduction and it’s our responsibility as well. Furthermore, he shared that, the National Platform for DRR has to be decentralized and formed in province and local level.
  • Honorable Member Dr. Krishna Prasad Oli, National Planning Commission stated that we need to look the history, how did pre-historic society dealt with disaster and focus on how can we adapt and move ahead. He also shared the major problems and challenges of 21st century focusing on climate change, pollution and internal migration and now we have to focus on why people are contributing in deteriorating the planet Earth. Furthermore, citing the example of family of Lord Shiva and deity’s mount, he added that Nepal’s community is the most resilient community, we are resilient and we need to further enhance our resiliency.
  • Hon. Home Minister Ram Bahadur Thapa "Badal", chief guest of the event launched the Nepal Disaster Report 2019 and shared that the loss in infrastructure due to disaster has long term effect in a post disaster scenario, so we should have integrated approach for safe infrastructure. He further added that only if we have safe infrastructure, we can reduce the risk of disaster. He also said that DRR is a cross-cutting issue and there should be the contribution of all stakeholders and citizens in reducing the risk. He concluded the remarks stating that we should be unified and walk hand in hand together, so that, the theme of this year’s slogan will come true.
  • Mr. Narayan Gopal Ghimire, Vice President of Nepal Geological Society delivered a vote of thanks on behalf of the organizing committee.

Technical session

Altogether seven papers were presented in the technical session. The technical session was moderated by Ms. Indu Ghimire, Joint Secretary and Chief of Disaster and Conflict Management Division, MoHA.

  • Mr. Subash Chandra Sunwar, Senior Engineering Geologist presented the paper entitled “Safety Consideration in Hydropower Development to Mitigate the Disaster Risk”. His presentation covered the introduction about hydropower and disaster risk, its consequences, investment without disaster risk consideration, natural disasters risk and damage and safety consideration to mitigate risk.
  • Dr. Diwat Kumar Shrestha, from National Reconstruction Authority presented the paper entitled “Reconstruction of Infrastructure (Hospitals and schools) after 2015 Gorkha earthquake on the perspectives of build back better. His presentation included the modalities of school reconstruction, positive aspects in school reconstruction, health facilities, concepts and activities of build back better.
  • Mr. Rajendra Sharma, Senior Divisional Hydrologist, Department of Hydrology and Meteorology presented the paper entitled “Development of early warning system to inform the risk”. His presentation included flood forecasting system, monitoring observation and communication, real-time telemetric station and flood early warning dissemination.
  • Mr. Raju Thapa, General Secretary, DPNet delivered the joint presentation (DPNet-Nepal and AINTGDM) entitled “Civil Society Initiation on DRR Knowledge Management”. His presentation covered the role of Secretariat of National Platform for DRR, DPNet-Nepal’s initiative on Knowledge management focusing on online resource center.
  • Dr. Yuba Raj Paudyal, Deputy Project Director, NRA presented the lesson learnt for building community resilience after 2015 Gorkha earthquake in Nepal. His presentation included loss and damage by2015 earthquake, causes of loss and damage, Government’s initiatives for reconstruction and challenges.
  • J.S Bishwakarma, Deputy Project Director, NRA delivered his presentation entitled “Reconstruction of Government Buildings and Critical Facilities after 2015 earthquake”. His presentation included damage condition, summary of reconstruction work, reconstruction progress, design approach and issues and challenges.
  • Mr. Suman Pradhan, NSET presented the paper entitled “Towards Community Resilience through Building Code Implementation”. His presentation included topics on the need for building code, approach, concept, the milestone of building code implementation, impact at the municipal level and lessons learned.
  • The technical session was closed with the concluding remarks that we need to have integration of everything including underground science.