Discussion Program on Risk-Sensitive Land Use Plannig
Jun 06, 2019
The discussion program on Risk Sensitive Land Use Planning was organized on 30th May 2019. The program was chaired by Mr. Surya Bahadur Thapa, Chairperson of DPNet-Nepal whereas, Honorable Minister, Padma Kumari Aryal, Ministry of Land Management, Cooperatives and Poverty Alleviation was the chief guest of the program. Mr. Ram Prasad Bhattarai, Vice Chairperson of DPNet-Nepal delivered welcome remarks and shared the objectives of the event. The program was conducted and moderated by General Secretary of DPNet-Nepal Raju Thapa. Altogether, 62 participants representing, government agencies, I/NGO and donor participated in the program.
- Mr. Anish Joshi from Genesis presented the introduction and challenges of the RSLUP. His presentation included the concept, working procedure, and examples of the technical aspects of RSLUP.
- Hon. Minister Padma Kumari Aryal stated that the decisions and report of the workshop if provided to ministry it will be used as resource material. She further stated that there is a need to identify the purpose of land and land has to be classified accordingly and then we can stay away from disaster risk and unplanned settlement. She also added that the use of LIDAR technology to identify the status of land and prepare the map accordingly is listed in the budget of the fiscal year 2075/76. According to the information shared, map of 27% of the land in Nepal is prepared and 33% of the land is utilized for various purpose. She also emphasized that we should focus on sustainable land use to achieve the target of Happy Nepali, Prosperous Nepal. Similarly, she shared that expert’s suggestion and experience of local level representatives if provided will be incorporated in the regulation.
- Mr. Bimal Gadal, ADRA Nepal presented about the problem statement, causes of problem and approaches of RSLUP.
- Mr. Kalanidhi Devkota, Executive Director of Municipality Association of Nepal (MuAN) shared that the constitution of Nepal has not given the responsibility of land management to the local level, but has given the responsibility of conserving the land resources. He also shared that the local level does not have a legal base to develop RSLUP, however, the list of concurrent plan may include it. MuAN is also ready to support develop RSLUP in Nepal. He insisted that there is a need to initiate RSLUP dialogue at the local level. He also stated that the land use pattern should be linked while developing RSLUP.
- Mr. Rajendra Pyakurel, Senior Program Officer, National Association of Rural Municipality (NARMIN) shared that we are not able to develop the proper plan and only the capacity of government will not be enough to support local government, so we need to provide technical support. Furthermore, he added that there is a need to disseminate the policies to the local level for the implementation, RSLUP is not only the issue of the municipality, but also of the rural municipality. So we need to go for effective implementation of policy and NARMIN is committed to working together for RSLUP campaign.
- Mr. Sumeer Koirala, Survey Officer, Department of Survey presented about the land use program in Nepal. He shared that according to the land use policy 2015, the land is classified in 11 different sectors and not only not leaving the barren land, but the land pooling is also prioritized by the land use policy. He also shared the land use mapping status in Nepal and mentioned that the land use map of 355 local levels of 30 district is prepared and the report and database if handover in 27 districts. In addition to this, he shared that, land use mapping implementation support program is piloted in seven municipalities of seven Provinces.
- Dr. Ganga Dutta Acharya, Under Secretary, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development shared that they have been raising the issue of land use in agriculture since long time. He also shared the bitter truth that, whenever the irrigation facility and road connects the villages, the productive land are converted in “Ghaderi” (Land used for building houses) and has a big impact in agriculture sector. He shared that the focus is on post disaster tackling and there is no vision of long term disaster mainstreaming. He also added that we don’t have to talk on mechanizing big issues, but rather focus on our indegnenious good practices like terracing, which is focused on the view of disaster risk.
- After the presentation and sharing of the panelist, the floor was open for discussion and response. Participants raised various concerns the legal provisions of Land use planning, code of conduct of local level representatives required for RSLUP, access of the land use map developed by department of the survey, resource duplication, coordination mechanism, need of organizing similar series of discussions in province and local level.
The program was closed with the remarks of Mr. Surya Bahadur Thapa, Chairperson of DPNet-Nepal. He thanked all Panelist for their presentation and sharing’s, local level representatives, participants for their time, active participation and interaction. He also thanked DCA and ADRA Nepal for the collaboration to organize this event. He proposed to form the task team to provide suggestion to the Ministry of Land Management, Cooperatives and Poverty Alleviation and the eight member team was formed for the above mentioned task.