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Earthquake

WHEN YOU EXPERIENCE AN EARTHQUAKE, DON'T PANIC!

Remember the simple principle of "Duck, cover and Hold"

Nepal is prone to earthquakes. We cannot predict when an earthquake is likely to occur. During an earthquake, we may be anywhere – at home, in the office, on the road, in school or even in the market. Wherever we may be, though, we can avoid injury and fatal casualty if we know what to do during earthquakes. Among the various universally accepted methods, the most effective way of saving yourself, no matter where you might be, is DUCK, COVER and HOLD.

  • DUCK:

    To minimize the exposed body surface by ducking (to reduce the potential of being hit by falling objects)

  • COVER:

    Take cover under a sturdy piece of furniture or heavy object to avoid injury, especially to the head and spinal cord

  • HOLD:

    Holding the furniture leg or a part of the heavy object prevents relative movement of the furniture or object and your body.

Steps to be taken during different situations

  • While inside the office : Do not rush out during quake. Simply follow the Duck, cover and Hold method as illustrated above . Staircases are usually unsafe places and s do not use them to take cover during a quake follow the evacuation and emergency plan of your office.
  • While in bed: Hold on and stay there, protecting your head with pillow.
  • While in the kitchen: Turn off the stove immediately and move away from the refrigerator, stove and overhead cupboards. Try to get out of the kitchen as quickly as possible.
  • While in a crowded public place like a store: Do not rush for the exit. Move away from display shelves that contain objects that could fall and cause you injury.
  • While inside an empty/partially empty room of a high-rise building with no desk or table nearby: Stay inside the room. Do not use the elevators. Move against the interior wall of the room and protect your head with your arms. standing under the doorframe of the room is one of the safest places to be in.
  • In a stadium or theatre: Stay in your seat and protect your head with your arms. Do not try to leave until the shaking is over. Then leave in a calm and orderly manner.
  • While outdoors: move to a clear area, away from trees, sign posts, buildings, or electrical poles and wires.
  • While on a sidewalk near a building: Duck into and stand under a doorway to protect yourself from falling bricks, broken glass, plaster and other debris.
  • While driving: Pull over to the side of the road and stop. Avoid overpasses, bridges, power lines and other potential hazards. stay inside the car until the shaking stops.

DRILL EXERCISE

Earthquake shaking lasts for less than a minute. To avoid any injury or casualty, it is necessary to duck, cover and hold in the safest place within a few meters from where you might be. It is necessary to train your subconscious mind to instantly respond using the duck, cover and hold method once an earthquake begins. This practice needs to be promoted which can best done of we all perform the drill together in the office. Once the earthquake stops, we need to come out of the building into safe open space in an organized manner by covering out heads with files of other suitable objects.

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